Impressive participation of women in the Canadian labor market during 2018 - March 09, 2019

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Based on the update from Statistics Canada 83 percent of women in the country in the age group of 25-54 years were either working or looking out for work last year.

The analysis

These facts were revealed to mark International Women’s Day.  This is in comparison to1950 when 21 percent of women participated in the Canadian labor market. Additionally, in 1991, the rate was 75.9 percent. The major factor in this increase is the economic and socio-demographic change. There is a trend of increase in participation in higher education, supplemented with the delay in marriage and childbearing. Additionally, the separation and divorce rate has also increased.

Furthermore, among the provinces, the fastest growth came in Newfoundland and Labrador. There was a dynamic increase in the participation of women in the labor market between 2008 and 2018. The rate in 2018 was an impressive 81.6 percent increasing by 5 percentage points.

The second highest increase in the rate was in Quebec, increasing by 3.9 percentage points and reaching 86.7 percent.

Additional facts

Moreover, for the for immigrant women in the age group of 25 -54 years, the increase was 2.3 percentage points between 2008-18 standing at 77.7 percent.

Statistics Canada has also revealed the fact that the data of 2017 of the Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development shows the labor market participation rate among the women in the age group of 25 -54 years was 82.4. This is higher than the average of OECD at 73 percent.

The comparative rates for participation were 75 percent in the United States, and in Sweden and Iceland, it was 88.7 percent.

Reasons

One of the reasons for the increasing presence of women in the labor market is the gradual change in social norms. Furthermore, the gender roles have evolved, and the new technologies have reduced the time necessary for performing household work. There were fewer children in the family and more employment opportunities were available in the service sector.

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